Installing Apache HBase on Ubuntu for Standalone Mode

Standalone HBase

By default HBase runs in standalone mode. In standalone mode, HBase does not use HDFS — it uses the local file system instead — and it runs all HBase daemons and a local zookeeper all up in the same JVM. Zookeeper binds to a well-known port so clients may talk to HBase. HBase requires java 6 or newer version. If this is not the case, HBase will not start.

The hbase-0.94.8 installation is done in below versions of Linux, Java and Hadoop respectively.

UBUNTU 13.4

JAVA 1.7.0_25

HADOOP 1.1.2

I have hduser as a dedicated hadoop system user. I had installed my Hadoop in /home/hduser/hadoop folder. Now I am going to install hbase in /usr/lib/hbase folder.

  • Download hbase-0.94.8.tar.gz from here
  • Enter into the directory where the stable version is downloaded. By default it downloads in “Downloads” directory
$ cd Downloads/
  • Unzip the tar file.
$ tar -xvf hbase-0.94.8.tar.gz
  • Create directory
$ sudo mkdir /usr/lib/hbase
  • move  hbase-0.94.8 to hbase
$ mv hbase-0.94.8 /usr/lib/hbase/hbase-0.94.8
  • Configuring HBase with java

Open your hbase/conf/hbase-env.sh and set the path to the java installed in your system

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/jdk1.7.0_25
  • Set the HBASE_HOME path in bashrc file

To open bashrc file use this command

hduser@system_name:~$ gedit ~/.bashrc

In bashrc file append the below 2 statements

export HBASE_HOME=/usr/lib/hbase/hbase-0.94.8

export PATH=$PATH:$HBASE_HOME/bin
  •  At this point, you are ready to start HBase. But before starting it, you might want to edit conf/hbase-site.xml and set the directory you want HBase to write to, hbase.rootdir.
  •  By default, hbase.rootdir is set to /tmp/hbase-${user.name} which means you’ll lose all your data whenever your server reboots
  •  So replace DIRECTORY in the hbase-site.xml with a path to a directory where you want HBase to store its data.
  •  hbase-site.xml
<?xml version="1.0"?>

<?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="configuration.xsl"?>

<configuration>

<property>

<name>hbase.rootdir</name>

<value>file:///home/hduser/HBASE/hbase</value>

</property>

<property>

<name>hbase.zookeeper.property.dataDir</name>

<value>/home/hduser/HBASE/zookeeper</value>

</property>

</configuration>
  • Extra steps

In /etc/hosts there are two entries:127.0.0.1 and 127.0.1.1.Change the second entry 127.0.1.1 to 127.0.0.1  otherwise it gives error: org.apache.hadoop.hbase.PleaseHoldException: Master is initializing

  • To start Hbase [ in standalone mode no need to start hadoop ]
HBASE_PATH$bin/start-hbase.sh

HBASE_PATH$ bin/hbase shell
  • To stop HBase
HBASE_PATH$ bin/stop-hbase.sh

stopping hbase...............
  • To use the web interfaces

http://localhost:60010 for master
http://localhost:60030 for region server

  • Reference :

http://archive.cloudera.com/cdh/3/hbase-0.90.1-cdh3u0/quickstart.html

http://archive.cloudera.com/cdh/3/hbase-0.90.1-cdh3u0/notsoquick.html

Note:The information provided here is best of my knowledge and experience if at all any modifications are to be made please help me with ur valuable suggestion which are always welcome…. :)

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15 Responses to Installing Apache HBase on Ubuntu for Standalone Mode

  1. prashant says:

    Thanks a lot…. i could install it successfully

    Like

  2. swati verma says:

    Hi ,
    i am new to HBASE, and while tryng to instiall the same on ubuntu system, i am facing some problem.
    Below is the error log from zookeeper log file

    2014-01-18 06:10:51,392 WARN org.apache.zookeeper.server.NIOServerCnxn: caught end of stream exception
    EndOfStreamException: Unable to read additional data from client sessionid 0x143a5b052980000, likely client has closed socket
    at org.apache.zookeeper.server.NIOServerCnxn.doIO(NIOServerCnxn.java:220)
    at org.apache.zookeeper.server.NIOServerCnxnFactory.run(NIOServerCnxnFactory.java:208)
    at java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:744)
    2014-01-18 06:10:51,394 INFO org.apache.zookeeper.server.NIOServerCnxn: Closed socket connection for client /127.0.0.1:56671 which had sessionid 0x143a5b052980000

    Below is Error log from master log

    2014-01-18 06:10:51,381 INFO org.apache.zookeeper.ZooKeeper: Session: 0x143a5b052980000 closed
    2014-01-18 06:10:51,381 INFO org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMaster: HMaster main thread exiting
    2014-01-18 06:10:51,381 ERROR org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMasterCommandLine: Failed to start master
    java.lang.RuntimeException: HMaster Aborted
    at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMasterCommandLine.startMaster(HMasterCommandLine.java:160)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMasterCommandLine.run(HMasterCommandLine.java:104)
    at org.apache.hadoop.util.ToolRunner.run(ToolRunner.java:65)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.util.ServerCommandLine.doMain(ServerCommandLine.java:76)
    at org.apache.hadoop.hbase.master.HMaster.main(HMaster.java:2120)

    Please help me in this issue, as i tried to solve it by myself from last two days , but no luck.Please help.

    Like

  3. Raddad says:

    Very nice , install went very smooth

    Like

  4. shashi says:

    good post one shot installation was thr….

    Like

  5. nero says:

    Hello, thank you for the useful tutorial , but i have a question , i am running hbase on Ubuntu server on Virtual box , but the problem is when i create a table and reboot my VM , every table I’ve made is gone , do you know what should i do , to keep my tables saved .

    Like

  6. Chris says:

    The only tutorial that works without problems 🙂 thx

    Like

  7. Benkoussas Chahinez says:

    Hello,

    It didn’t work for me. In the output of the ‘jps’ command, Ican’t find the Hmaster running and when testing (in the Hbase Shell) this line “create ‘test’, ‘dd’ ” to create table it gives me this output:

    ERROR: org.apache.hadoop.hbase.MasterNotRunningException: Retried 7 times

    Here is some help for this command:
    Create table; pass table name, a dictionary of specifications per
    column family, and optionally a dictionary of table configuration.
    Dictionaries are described below in the GENERAL NOTES section.
    Examples:

    hbase> create ‘t1’, {NAME => ‘f1’, VERSIONS => 5}
    hbase> create ‘t1’, {NAME => ‘f1’}, {NAME => ‘f2’}, {NAME => ‘f3’}
    hbase> # The above in shorthand would be the following:
    hbase> create ‘t1’, ‘f1’, ‘f2’, ‘f3’
    hbase> create ‘t1’, {NAME => ‘f1’, VERSIONS => 1, TTL => 2592000, BLOCKCACHE => true}
    hbase> create ‘t1’, ‘f1′, {SPLITS => [’10’, ’20’, ’30’, ’40’]}
    hbase> create ‘t1’, ‘f1’, {SPLITS_FILE => ‘splits.txt’}
    hbase> # Optionally pre-split the table into NUMREGIONS, using
    hbase> # SPLITALGO (“HexStringSplit”, “UniformSplit” or classname)
    hbase> create ‘t1’, ‘f1’, {NUMREGIONS => 15, SPLITALGO => ‘HexStringSplit’}

    Please, if you can see where is the problem, let me know.
    Thank you.

    Like

  8. Dpen Dudhe says:

    Reblogged this on Dpayne Dudhe and commented:
    Installing Apache HBase on Ubuntu for Standalone Mode

    Like

  9. bhuvana says:

    kindly help on this unable get hbase shell

    this is the below which i am getting in ubuntu

    Fatal Error] hbase-site.xml:2:6: The processing instruction target matching “[xX][mM][lL]” is not allowed.
    15/11/16 02:21:10 FATAL conf.Configuration: error parsing conf file: org.xml.sax.SAXParseException; systemId: file:/usr/local/hbase/conf/hbase-site.xml; lineNumber: 2; columnNumber: 6; The processing instruction target matching “[xX][mM][lL]” is not allowed.
    Exception in thread “main” java.lang.RuntimeException: org.xml.sax.SAXParseException; systemId: file:/usr/local/hbase/conf/hbase-site.xml; lineNumber: 2; columnNumber: 6; The processing instruction target matching “[xX][mM][lL]” is not allowed.

    Like

  10. Nikitha says:

    Do we need to install zookeeper ? before installing HBASE?
    plz help me

    Like

  11. Pingback: Ubuntu 15.10,12.04 单机安装并配置Apache HBase – 默默的点滴

  12. Hi,
    I am getting following errors after the installation process…plz suggest..

    dev@dev-Inspiron-3542:/usr/local/hbase/bin$ ./start-hbase.sh
    starting master, logging to /usr/local/hbase/bin/../logs/hbase-dev-master-dev-Inspiron-3542.out
    Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM warning: ignoring option PermSize=128m; support was removed in 8.0
    Java HotSpot(TM) 64-Bit Server VM warning: ignoring option MaxPermSize=128m; support was removed in 8.0

    Like

  13. Prabhu says:

    I am newbie to big data.your blog is really helpful to learn big data.

    I am not geeting hbase shell prompt and followed same steps, but i tried this on Cygwin +windows 7 environment.

    Could you help me on this.

    Xyz ~/hbase-0.94.8
    $ bin/start-hbase.sh
    cygpath: cannot create short name of D:\Public\Cygwin\home\xyz\hbase-0.94.8\logs
    cygpath: cannot create short name of D:\Public\Cygwin\home\xyz\hbase-0.94.8\logs
    +xyz@localhost’s password:
    localhost: starting zookeeper, logging to /home/xyz/hbase-0.94.8/bin/../logs/hbase-+xyz-zookeeper-.out
    starting master, logging to /home/xyz/hbase-0.94.8/bin/../logs/hbase-+xyz-master-.out
    +xyz@localhost’s password:
    localhost: starting regionserver, logging to /home/xyz/hbase-0.94.8/bin/../logs/hbase-+xyz-regionserver-.out

    +xyz@ ~/hbase-0.94.8
    $ bin/hbase shell
    HBase Shell; enter ‘help’ for list of supported commands.
    Type “exit” to leave the HBase Shell
    Version 0.94.8, r1485407, Wed May 22 20:53:13 UTC 2013

    Thanks,
    Prabhu

    Like

  14. Prabhu says:

    I am new to big data , Your blog is very much helpful to learn the concepts of different tools.

    I am trying to install habse on Cygwin + Windows 7 environment. I am not getting the hbase shell prompt after starting hbase.sh

    yz ~/hbase-0.94.8
    $ bin/start-hbase.sh
    cygpath: cannot create short name of D:\Public\Cygwin\home\xyz\hbase-0.94.8\logs
    cygpath: cannot create short name of D:\Public\Cygwin\home\xyz\hbase-0.94.8\logs
    +xyz@localhost’s password:
    localhost: starting zookeeper, logging to /home/xyz/hbase-0.94.8/bin/../logs/hbase-+xyz-zookeeper-.out
    starting master, logging to /home/xyz/hbase-0.94.8/bin/../logs/hbase-+xyz-master-.out
    +xyz@localhost’s password:
    localhost: starting regionserver, logging to /home/xyz/hbase-0.94.8/bin/../logs/hbase-+xyz-regionserver-.out

    +xyz@ ~/hbase-0.94.8
    $ bin/hbase shell
    HBase Shell; enter ‘help’ for list of supported commands.
    Type “exit” to leave the HBase Shell
    Version 0.94.8, r1485407, Wed May 22 20:53:13 UTC 2013

    Please help on this to fix the issue , .I believe i missed something on configuration files.

    Thanks,
    Prabhu

    Like

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